Amur tigers live in a harsh environment, where extremely cold temperatures and deep snow are common. They are larger than other cats so they can produce more heat in the cold climates. They have thicker fur for insulation and their bodies are well adapted to the cold climate. They also have a layer of fat on their flanks and bellies which helps protect them from the elements. Like most tigers they have a ruff of fur around their necks. This is more developed in Amur tigers and they have extra fur on their paws to protect them from the cold. Coat is golden orange with dark stripes, with all cats' markings being different and distinctive like fingerprints. They also have some patches of white on their bellies, chests, throats and muzzles. Amur tigers have more white and fewer stripes than others. Colors help it hide in its environment: white is like snow, black like shadows and yellow like dead oak leaves.
Spoors (footprints) of a male are rounded and impressions of toe pads in front are blunter; females' are elongated and toe pads are narrower and sharper shaped. They also have excellent smell, sight and hearing.
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